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文章摘要
柏程华,王章义,秦利娜,黄法铭,黄杰,张嘉倪,李洪武.海南省虎威岭海域浮游生物群落结构特征分析[J].海南大学学报编辑部:自然科学版,2019,37(2):.
海南省虎威岭海域浮游生物群落结构特征分析
Characteristics of Plankton Community Structure in the Huwei Island, Hainan Province
投稿时间:2019-01-07  修订日期:2019-03-25
DOI:10.15886/j.cnki.hdxbzkb.2019.0023
中文关键词: 浮游植物; 浮游动物; 群落结构
英文关键词: phytoplankton,zooplankton,community structure
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(D0609);海南省科技厅重点项目(ZDYF2016154);国家海洋局项目(HZ2012-174);海南省研究生创新科研课题(Hys2018-116)
作者单位E-mail
柏程华 海南大学  
王章义 海南大学  
秦利娜 海南大学  
黄法铭 海南大学  
黄杰 海南大学  
张嘉倪 海南大学  
李洪武 海南大学 13700419733@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      利用网采法于2017年在虎威岭海域对浮游生物的群落结构特征及其时空分布特点进行调查,共发现浮游植物5门43属65种,硅藻最多有41种,浮游动物共鉴定到9类21种,桡足类最多有7种夏季浮游植物细胞密度和浮游动物密度均为全年最高全年浮游植物优势种以硅藻为主,有15种;浮游植物以桡足类为主,有5种秋季小环藻优势度高达0.60,夏季根状拟铃虫优势度高达0.57浮游生物的均匀度指数与多样性指数呈正相关,当地浮游生物群落结构较稳定,根据多样性指数污染评价分析,该海域处于轻污染到中污染由于目前该海域仍没有相关的生物群落调查,该研究将为该海域环境提供科学评价,为开发研究提供理论基础。
英文摘要:
      Net trawling method is used to investigate the community structure characteristics, spatial and temporal distribution characteristics of plankton in the Huweiling sea area in 2017. A total of 65 species of phytoplankton are found, 43 species of diatoms were identified. There are 21 species of zooplankton were found, including 7 species of copepods. The phytoplankton cell density and zooplankton density were highest in summer during the whole year. The dominant species of phytoplankton in the whole year are diatoms, with 15 species; the dominant species of zooplankton are copepods, with 5 species. In autumn, the dominant degree of the small ring algae is amount to 0.60, and the dominance of the root-loaded bollworm in summer is up to 0.57. The plankton uniformity index is positively correlated with the diversity index, and the local plankton community structure is relatively stable. According to the diversity index pollution assessment, the sea area is in light to medium pollution. Before there was still no relevant bio-community survey in this sea area, our research will provide a scientific evaluation of this sea area environment and provide a theoretical basis for development research.
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